There has been a consolidation in the Telecom Sector since 2012. Even after the consolidation, there is sufficient competition in the sector as at least four Telecom Service Providers (TSPs) including one PSU (BSNL/MTNL) are present in each Licensed Service Area (LSA). The country is divided into 22 LSAs.
Consolidation in the telecom sector has resulted in optimum utilization of resources including the radio spectrum. The same is evident from the substantial increase in the number of telecom towers, network coverage and subscriber base. The number of telecom base stations in the country has grown from 6,49,834 (as of 31.03.2014) to 23,25,948 (as of 28.02.2022). At present, the mobile networks in India are serving more than 115 crore subscribers (as of 31.12.2021). Nearly, 98% of the population is covered with 4G network. Further, there has been a significant reduction in tariffs for voice and data since 2016 which also indicates the presence of adequate competition in the telecom sector.
The Union Cabinet in its meeting held on 15.09.2021 has approved the proposal for rationalizing the definition of Gross Revenue/ Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR), rationalizing interest rates and removal of penalties, rationalizing Bank Guarantees requirements and permitting 100% FDI under automatic route in telecom sector subject to the Press Note 3 (2020 Series) guidelines regarding investments from countries sharing land-border with India. These reforms are expected to promote healthy competition, infuse liquidity, encourage investment and reduce the regulatory burden on Telecom Service Providers (TSPs).
This information was given by the Minister of State for Communications, Shri Devusinh Chauhan in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.
Disclaimer : This is an official press release by PIB.